Hariri Center Director Michele Dunne and Senior Fellow Amy Hawthorne reflect on US policy toward the Middle East and North Africa in the two years since President Barack Obama promised to make it a top priority to support democracy and human rights in the region.
J. Peter Pham, director the Atlantic Council’s Michael S. Ansari Africa Center, was one of four experts invited to address a high-level international conference on the crisis in the Sahel region convened today in The Hague.
Rudolph Atallah, senior fellow in the Atlantic Council’s Michael S. Ansari Africa Center, testified at a House of Representatives Committee on Foreign Affairs hearing on “The Growing Crisis in Africa’s Sahel Region.”
On the heels of Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s visit to the United States, Energy & Environment Program Associate Director Mihaela Carstei joins CTV to discuss the Keystone Pipeline project that would transport tar sands oil from Canada and the northern United States to refineries in the Gulf coast of Texas.
The Fall/Winter 2011 edition of the Brown Journal of World Affairs contains an article by Jason Healey, Director of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative at the Atlantic Council. The article, entitled “The Spectrum of National Responsibility for Cyberattacks”, explains why, rather than focusing on attribution of individual incidents, states should focus on the degree to which other states permit or encourage such attacks to occur from their own territory, especially for events which rise to the level of national security. In doing so, the technical problem of attributing attacks is transformed into a policy problem of dealing with states that refuse to police actions within their own borders. This spectrum is outlined below:
The Spectrum of State Responsibility
1. State-prohibited. The national government will help stop the third-party attack
2. State-prohibited-but-inadequate. The national government is cooperative but unable to stop the third-party attack
3. State-ignored. The national government knows about the third-party attacks but is unwilling to take any official action
4. State-encouraged. Third parties control and conduct the attack, but the national government encourages them as a matter of policy
5. State-shaped. Third parties control and conduct the attack, but the state provides some support
6. State-coordinated. The national government coordinates the third-party attackers such as by “suggesting” operational details
7. State-ordered. The national government directs third-party proxies to conduct the attack on its behalf
8. State-rogue-conducted. Out-of-control elements of cyber forces of the national government conduct the attack
9. State-executed. The national government conducts the attack using their government cyber forces under the direct control by national leadership and chain of command
10.State-integrated. The national government integrates third-party attackers and government cyber forces, with common direction and coordination
The article is available on the Brown Journal website, and will be republished shortly in an edited form as an Atlantic Council Issue Brief.
On May 30, the Atlantic Council’s South Asia Center will release a new issue brief, The Kaleidoscope Turns Again in a Crisis-Challenged Iran, a discussion of Iran’s upcoming presidential elections.
From June 13-14, the 2013 Wrocław Global Forum will bring together over 350 top policy-makers and business leaders to explore the region’s impact as an actor in Europe, as well as its crucial role in the transatlantic partnership and on the global stage.