- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - December 9, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Final Draft of Constitution, published November 29, 2012 (Arabic) (English) (Audio)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - November 22, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 24, 2012) (Arabic)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 16, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Decree Pardoning January 25 Prisoners - October 8 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Declaration - August 12 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi’s Decree reinstating the dissolved parliament – July 8 (English) (Arabic)
- Renaissance (Nahda) Project (English)
- Morsi Meter (English) (Arabic)
- SCAF Amendments to Interim Constitution - June 17, 2012 (English) (Arabic)
- Interim Constitution (full text, English and Arabic), ratified by popular referendum on March 23, 2011)
- Law on the Presidential Election, No. 174, 2005 (Arabic)
- Electoral laws for the People’s Assembly and Shura Council (full text, Arabic, amended July 19, 2011)
- Law on Non-Governmental Organizations, No. 84/2002 (English)
- Law on the People’s Assembly, amended October 2011 (PDF, Arabic)
- Supra-Constitutional Principles (English) (Arabic)
- The Final Draft Wording of the Articles on Defense and National Security in the New Constitution (English) (Arabic)
- Leaked Articles of the Draft Constitution (English)
Egyptian Government Resources
- Official Facebook page of President Mohamed Morsi (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Prime Minister Hesham Qandil (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Presidential Spokesman Yasser Ali (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of the Supreme Council of the Armed forces (Arabic)
- Official website of the Cabinet (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Interior (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Finance (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of International Cooperation (Arabic)
- Ministry of Social Solidarity (Arabic)
- Ministry of Information (Arabic)
- Ministry of Industry & Foreign Trade (English) (Arabic)
- Ahram Weekly (English)
- Egypt Independent (English)
- Daily News Egypt (English)
- Ahram Online (English)
- Akhbar al-Youm (Arabic)
- Ahram (Arabic)
- Ahram Gateway (Arabic)
- al-Masry al-Youm (Arabic)
- al-Shorouk (Arabic)
- al-Wafd (Arabic)
- Masrawy (Arabic)
- EGYNews (Arabic)
Think Tanks and NGOs:
- al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (English)
- Arab Forum for Alternatives (English) (Arabic)
- Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (English) (Arabic)
- Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (English) (Arabic)
- Adl (Justice)
- al-Asala (Authenticity)
- Building and Development
- Democratic Front
- al-Dostour (Constitution)
- Freedom and Justice
- Ghad (Tomorrow)
- Ittihad (Union)
- Karama (Dignity)
- al-Masriyin al-Ahrar (Free Egyptians)
- Masr al-Hurriya (Egypt Freedom)
- Nour (Light)
- Popular Alliance
- Reform and Development
- Social Democratic
- Sufi Liberation
- al-Tayar al-Masry (Egyptian Current)
US senators subtracted $5 million from aid provided to Egypt on Wednesday, to reimburse the US Treasury for money it paid to bail out American pro-democracy activists facing charges there earlier this year.
The elections’ first polling day witnessed almost no reported violence and only a few violations, with the most brazen being by presidential front runner Ahmed Shafiq who held an illegal press conference at his lush villa headquarters in Dokki. Mohamed Mursi and Abdel-Moneim Abul-Fotouh also overstepped the mark by giving interviews ignoring the ban on eleventh-hour campaigning. Other violations included vote buying in Tanta; limited scuffles outside various polling stations; names missing from Nasr City voter lists; and reported bullying in Suez. Although confirmed figures are unknown, analysts predict around 30-40 million citizens (60 -75 per cent of eligible voters) made it to their polling stations. The surprise of the day was the voters' support of Mubarak's final prime minister Shafiq, a controversial figure who was ousted in February 2011 following popular protests.
[Egypt Independent, English, 5/24/2012]
Until late afternoon, many observers sensed a smaller turnout compared to last year’s legislative elections, in which about 54 percent of Egypt’s registered voters went to the polls. Yet, as soon as the sun set and the heat waned, the turnout increased significantly. The influx of voters prompted the Presidential Elections Commission to extend voting hours until 9 pm from 7 pm. Several candidates violated the campaign blackout in many provinces. Abouel Fotouh campaigners erected a booth bearing the candidate’s photo outside a polling station in the Alexandria area of Ezbet al-Mattar, while Morsy campaigners bussed voters in and drove them to their respective polling centers in the Mediterranean city. They also gave fast food meals out to voters. In Suez, Morsy’s and Sabbahi’s backers rallied to persuade voters to vote for their respective candidate before they cast their ballots. In the Delta province of Kafr al-Sheikh, Moussa campaigners had reportedly given out LE150 and a meal to voters in return for their votes. In response to violations, seven supporters of Morsy, Shafiq and Abouel Fotouh were arrested for violating the campaign ban. The vote counting is set to kick off on Thursday evening as soon as voting hours end.
[Ahram Online, English, 5/24/2012]
Asking officials from different presidential campaigns on where their respective candidates stood in relation to their electoral rivals on the first day of Egypt's presidential elections, estimates varied considerably. Mohamed Osman, a campaigner for Abul-Fotouh, agreed with the Brotherhood's assessment, telling Ahram Online that Mursi represented Abul-Fotouh's primary rival. While Mubarak-era prime minister Ahmed Shafiq has also reportedly won a high number votes, Osman believes the runoffs will ultimately pit his candidate against Mursi. Contrary to the Brotherhood's estimates, Osman believes voter turnout on Wednesday was low, while "numerous violations were reported." He went on to complain that certain candidates "had transported supporters to polling stations to cast their ballots." Shafiq campaigners, meanwhile, refused to reveal their assessment of who the main competitors were and where they stood in relation to one another. Moussa campaigners, for their part, however, said that their candidate had probably come in second after the Brotherhood's Mursi. Campaigners for Sabbahi, who according to many observers did much better than predicted, asserted that their candidate "came in first in many Egyptian governorates."
[Egypt Independent, English, 5/23/2012]
The April 6 Youth Movement said Wednesday that the military police has detained three of its members in Port Said after they videotaped electoral violations in polling stations in the governorate. Military police allegedly arrested Abul Fadl outside the polling station at Yarmouk School, while Mohsen was reportedly arrested after he videotaped army forces attacking a girl outside the same polling station. Hashem was detained after he allegedly witnessed campaigning for the Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate Mohamed Morsy in a polling station in Port Fouad. In other news, the Egyptian Association for Supporting Democratic Development has claimed that the failure of the Presidential Elections Commission to control campaigning has led to clashes between their supporters, which foreshadows more violence in the coming hours, given the many complaints it received. Association observers monitored several altercations between supporters in Cairo, North Sinai and Alexandria.
[Bloomberg, English, 5/24/2012]
Egypt will offer 4.5 billion Egyptian pounds ($745 million) of treasury bills today as yields rose ahead of the second day of voting in the country’s presidential election. The mid-yield on one-year notes in the secondary market rose six basis points, or 0.06 of a percentage point, to 15.76 percent yesterday, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. That’s the highest level in almost two months. The debt sale is part of a Finance Ministry plan to raise 150 billion pounds this quarter, the last of the country’s fiscal year. The ministry has fallen about 6 percent short of its 102 billion-target so far, according to data compiled by Bloomberg.
[Ahram Online (Reuters excerpt), English, 5/23/2012; See also Al Ahram, Arabic, 5/24/2012]
US senators subtracted $5 million from aid provided to Egypt on Wednesday, to reimburse the US Treasury for money it paid to bail out American pro-democracy activists facing charges there earlier this year. "I'll be darned if I am going to give them (the Egyptian government) that money," Leahy said. The total value of US aid to Egypt is around $1.7 billion per year.
Photo Credit: Reuters
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Faces of Egypt
Journalist and videographer Abanoub Emad explains the drive behind his work: “I want to cover the truth..If it was just a job for me I wouldn't risk my life, but this is what I want to do…and this is what differentiates the quality of work. You can tell who's doing it for the sake of doing it, and who's doing it because it's what they love to do”
At twenty-two, Amr El Salanekly has won the 2012 Clinton Global Initiative fellowship, co-founded a social incubator and an educational platform for underprivileged kids, turned down a job with Bangladeshi Nobel Laureate Mohammad Yunus’ Grameen Bank, and raised hundreds of thousands of Egyptian pounds for community projects in Egypt.
Check out the rest of the Faces of the New Egypt series here.
About the Contributors
Alaa Al Aswany, the Arab world's bestselling novelist, is the author of The Yacoubian Building, Chicago, and Friendly Fire. His work is published in thirty-one languages worldwide. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Yussef Auf is an Egyptian judge and 2012 Humphrey Fellow at American University’s Washington College of Law. He is currently pursuing a PhD in Constitutional Law and Political Systems at Cairo University. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Amr Hamzawy joined the Department of Public Policy and Administration at the American University in Cairo in 2011, where he continues to serve today. He is a former member of parliament and a member of the National Salvation Front. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Haitham Tabei is a special correspondent for the Washington Post and Asharq Saudi newspaper in Cairo.
Read his EgyptSource posts here.
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