- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - December 9, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Final Draft of Constitution, published November 29, 2012 (Arabic) (English) (Audio)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - November 22, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 24, 2012) (Arabic)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 16, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Decree Pardoning January 25 Prisoners - October 8 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Declaration - August 12 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi’s Decree reinstating the dissolved parliament – July 8 (English) (Arabic)
- Renaissance (Nahda) Project (English)
- Morsi Meter (English) (Arabic)
- SCAF Amendments to Interim Constitution - June 17, 2012 (English) (Arabic)
- Interim Constitution (full text, English and Arabic), ratified by popular referendum on March 23, 2011)
- Law on the Presidential Election, No. 174, 2005 (Arabic)
- Electoral laws for the People’s Assembly and Shura Council (full text, Arabic, amended July 19, 2011)
- Law on Non-Governmental Organizations, No. 84/2002 (English)
- Law on the People’s Assembly, amended October 2011 (PDF, Arabic)
- Supra-Constitutional Principles (English) (Arabic)
- The Final Draft Wording of the Articles on Defense and National Security in the New Constitution (English) (Arabic)
- Leaked Articles of the Draft Constitution (English)
Egyptian Government Resources
- Official Facebook page of President Mohamed Morsi (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Prime Minister Hesham Qandil (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Presidential Spokesman Yasser Ali (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of the Supreme Council of the Armed forces (Arabic)
- Official website of the Cabinet (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Interior (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Finance (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of International Cooperation (Arabic)
- Ministry of Social Solidarity (Arabic)
- Ministry of Information (Arabic)
- Ministry of Industry & Foreign Trade (English) (Arabic)
- Ahram Weekly (English)
- Egypt Independent (English)
- Daily News Egypt (English)
- Ahram Online (English)
- Akhbar al-Youm (Arabic)
- Ahram (Arabic)
- Ahram Gateway (Arabic)
- al-Masry al-Youm (Arabic)
- al-Shorouk (Arabic)
- al-Wafd (Arabic)
- Masrawy (Arabic)
- EGYNews (Arabic)
Think Tanks and NGOs:
- al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (English)
- Arab Forum for Alternatives (English) (Arabic)
- Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (English) (Arabic)
- Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (English) (Arabic)
- Adl (Justice)
- al-Asala (Authenticity)
- Building and Development
- Democratic Front
- al-Dostour (Constitution)
- Freedom and Justice
- Ghad (Tomorrow)
- Ittihad (Union)
- Karama (Dignity)
- al-Masriyin al-Ahrar (Free Egyptians)
- Masr al-Hurriya (Egypt Freedom)
- Nour (Light)
- Popular Alliance
- Reform and Development
- Social Democratic
- Sufi Liberation
- al-Tayar al-Masry (Egyptian Current)
Top News: Supreme Court Advisory Body Challenges Legality of Parliament while Upholding Shafik's CandidacyTarek Radwan | June 07, 2012
An Egyptian judicial body recommended on Wednesday that two crucial laws be overturned, allowing former President Hosni Mubarak's prime minister to stand for election and possibly dissolving a parliament dominated by his Islamist foes. The supreme court is due to rule on the laws on June 14, two days before a run-off parliamentary election between former premier Ahmed Shafiq and the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohamed Mursi, the two candidates won the most votes in a first round in May.
Political forces reach uneasy agreement on Egypt's constituent assembly
[Ahram Online, English, 6/6/2012; Al Ahram, Arabic, 6/6/2012]
Parliamentary political parties are due to meet with the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) 2:30pm Thursday, at the end of a 48-hour grace period granted by the ruling military council for the political forces to determine the formation of the constituent assembly. This follows a heated meeting at the Wafd Party headquarters that lasted until 4am Thursday morning between delegates of Egypt's parliamentary forces, who reached a tentative agreement. After hours of wrangling, however, the meeting's delegates agreed that 39 of the 100 seats would be designated to political parties, 15 to judges, 9 to religious figures, 10 public figures, 10 revolutionary youth (women and men), 7 to workers and farmers unions, 7 to professional syndicates, a representative from the police, another of the army and one from the Ministry of Justice. The Free Egyptians Party, Egyptian Social Democratic Party, and Egyptian Bloc MPs walked out as they felt that the FJP parliamentarians would take over the assembly.
Parliament considers fighting corruption with new authority
[Egypt Independent, English, 6/7/2012; Al Masry Al Youm, Arabic, 6/7/2012]
The People’s Assembly Proposals and Complaints Committee will consider a draft law to establish a government authority to fight corruption. Composed of 22 articles, the draft law proposes that the authority be completely independent from other state institutions, but administratively affiliated to People’s Assembly. People’s Assembly Speaker Saad al-Katatny submitted the draft law, which was submitted by MP Yasser al-Qady. The newly proposed authority would be the first such Egyptian authority affiliated with Parliament. The authority would be tasked with fighting all forms of financial and administrative corruption through investigations, collecting information and evidence. It would also have the right to obtain information related to crimes from all state institutions.
Egypt legal panel sides against Islamists before poll
[Reuters, English, 6/6/2012; Al Shorouk, Arabic, 6/6/2012]
An Egyptian judicial body recommended on Wednesday that two crucial laws be overturned, allowing former President Hosni Mubarak's prime minister to stand for election and possibly dissolving a parliament dominated by his Islamist foes. The supreme court is due to rule on the laws on June 14, two days before a run-off parliamentary election between former premier Ahmed Shafiq and the Muslim Brotherhood's Mohamed Mursi, the two candidates won the most votes in a first round in May. The court's decisions will be key in deciding how Egypt makes its difficult transition out of 60 years of military-backed rule. It could overturn electoral laws on the basis of which the Islamist-dominated parliament was elected - possibly requiring parliament to dissolve - and could also overturn legislation that parliament passed in April to bar top Mubarak-era officials such as Shafiq from running for president. The judicial body is known as the commissioners of the Supreme Constitutional Court, whose opinion is not binding on the court but is an indication of how the court might rule. The body came down against the Islamist-dominated parliament.
NGO case ruling could widen govt crackdown on civil society, says American defendant
[Egypt Independent, English, 6/7/2012]
The former senior program officer for Freedom House’s Middle East and North Africa programs accused in the NGO funding case expects the Egyptian government to lead a broader crackdown on civil society organizations if the court convicts the suspects. Sherif Mansour, an American citizen, told Al-Masry Al-Youm that after the difficulties of working for an international NGO in Egypt, he is thinking about establishing a local organization to support democracy. Mansour noted that he came to Egypt on his own free will, denying that any of investigation authorities had summoned him, as he was outside Egypt before the case was filed. The real reason he resigned from Freedom House was because of arguments with its administration over returning to Egypt for the trial.
Egypt's OCI gets $100 mn loan from World Bank
[Reuters/Egypt Independent, English, 6/7/2012]
Egypt's Orascom Construction Industries (OCI) has secured a $100 million loan from the World Bank's investment arm to help it expand across the region and rebuild confidence in the country's private sector. The loan from the World Bank's International Finance Corporation (IFC) would be used for existing operations and new projects, Orascom said. "This investment fits with our strategy of boosting confidence in Egypt's private sector, a major contributor to employment," IFC Middle East and North Africa director Mouayed Makhlouf said in the statement.
Egypt fuel prices will not see immediate rises: Official
[Ahram Online, English, 6/7/2012]
Egypt will not see any rises in petrol prices as the current fuel crisis is not caused by an overall shortage in state supplies, the country's Minister of Petroleum said on Wednesday. Speaking to the state-run MENA news agency, Abdallah Ghorab claimed the long queues at refuelling points in Cairo and beyond are caused by disruptions in the distribution network that connects fuel depots with the country's 3,000 petrol stations. Ghorab also called on the government to revise the amount it budgets for fuel subsidies, saying part of the current sum could be used for another sector such as education or health. The amount spent on fuel subsidies will fall to LE70 billion in 2012/13 from LE95 billion in the current fiscal year, and make up 48 per cent of Egypt's total subsidies bill.
Egypt's Brotherhood looks to private sector to boost economy
[Ahram Online, English, 6/6/2012]
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood has drawn up a strongly free-market economic plan and pledges to move fast to negotiate a loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) if it forms a government after this month's presidential election. Rivals portray the Brotherhood as a nebulous organisation obsessed with religion, but its wide-ranging plan, details of which were revealed during the build-up to last month's first-round presidential vote, projects a pragmatism that puts rapid economic growth ahead of ideology. Khairat El-Shater says the sorry state of Egypt's economy and the government's heavy debts, which he put at LE1,140 billion ($189 billion), gave the country little choice but to rely on private companies and investors.
Photo credit: Reuters
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Faces of Egypt
Journalist and videographer Abanoub Emad explains the drive behind his work: “I want to cover the truth..If it was just a job for me I wouldn't risk my life, but this is what I want to do…and this is what differentiates the quality of work. You can tell who's doing it for the sake of doing it, and who's doing it because it's what they love to do”
At twenty-two, Amr El Salanekly has won the 2012 Clinton Global Initiative fellowship, co-founded a social incubator and an educational platform for underprivileged kids, turned down a job with Bangladeshi Nobel Laureate Mohammad Yunus’ Grameen Bank, and raised hundreds of thousands of Egyptian pounds for community projects in Egypt.
Check out the rest of the Faces of the New Egypt series here.
About the Contributors
Alaa Al Aswany, the Arab world's bestselling novelist, is the author of The Yacoubian Building, Chicago, and Friendly Fire. His work is published in thirty-one languages worldwide. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Yussef Auf is an Egyptian judge and 2012 Humphrey Fellow at American University’s Washington College of Law. He is currently pursuing a PhD in Constitutional Law and Political Systems at Cairo University. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Amr Hamzawy joined the Department of Public Policy and Administration at the American University in Cairo in 2011, where he continues to serve today. He is a former member of parliament and a member of the National Salvation Front. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Haitham Tabei is a special correspondent for the Washington Post and Asharq Saudi newspaper in Cairo.
Read his EgyptSource posts here.
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