- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - December 9, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Final Draft of Constitution, published November 29, 2012 (Arabic) (English) (Audio)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - November 22, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 24, 2012) (Arabic)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 16, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Decree Pardoning January 25 Prisoners - October 8 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Declaration - August 12 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi’s Decree reinstating the dissolved parliament – July 8 (English) (Arabic)
- Renaissance (Nahda) Project (English)
- Morsi Meter (English) (Arabic)
- SCAF Amendments to Interim Constitution - June 17, 2012 (English) (Arabic)
- Interim Constitution (full text, English and Arabic), ratified by popular referendum on March 23, 2011)
- Law on the Presidential Election, No. 174, 2005 (Arabic)
- Electoral laws for the People’s Assembly and Shura Council (full text, Arabic, amended July 19, 2011)
- Law on Non-Governmental Organizations, No. 84/2002 (English)
- Law on the People’s Assembly, amended October 2011 (PDF, Arabic)
- Supra-Constitutional Principles (English) (Arabic)
- The Final Draft Wording of the Articles on Defense and National Security in the New Constitution (English) (Arabic)
- Leaked Articles of the Draft Constitution (English)
Egyptian Government Resources
- Official Facebook page of President Mohamed Morsi (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Prime Minister Hesham Qandil (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Presidential Spokesman Yasser Ali (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of the Supreme Council of the Armed forces (Arabic)
- Official website of the Cabinet (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Interior (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Finance (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of International Cooperation (Arabic)
- Ministry of Social Solidarity (Arabic)
- Ministry of Information (Arabic)
- Ministry of Industry & Foreign Trade (English) (Arabic)
- Ahram Weekly (English)
- Egypt Independent (English)
- Daily News Egypt (English)
- Ahram Online (English)
- Akhbar al-Youm (Arabic)
- Ahram (Arabic)
- Ahram Gateway (Arabic)
- al-Masry al-Youm (Arabic)
- al-Shorouk (Arabic)
- al-Wafd (Arabic)
- Masrawy (Arabic)
- EGYNews (Arabic)
Think Tanks and NGOs:
- al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (English)
- Arab Forum for Alternatives (English) (Arabic)
- Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (English) (Arabic)
- Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (English) (Arabic)
- Adl (Justice)
- al-Asala (Authenticity)
- Building and Development
- Democratic Front
- al-Dostour (Constitution)
- Freedom and Justice
- Ghad (Tomorrow)
- Ittihad (Union)
- Karama (Dignity)
- al-Masriyin al-Ahrar (Free Egyptians)
- Masr al-Hurriya (Egypt Freedom)
- Nour (Light)
- Popular Alliance
- Reform and Development
- Social Democratic
- Sufi Liberation
- al-Tayar al-Masry (Egyptian Current)
The Freedom and Justice Party, the Muslim Brotherhood’s political wing and President Mohamed Morsi’s party, has denied it sent the president a memo with recommendations regarding his next cabinet. Independent daily Al-Shorouk reported the FJP memo recommended that caretaker Prime Minister Kamal Al-Ganzouri and Planning and International Cooperation Minister Faiza Aboul Naga not be reinstated, whereas Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim should keep his post.
[Daily News Egypt, 7/3/2012] The Freedom and Justice Party, the Muslim Brotherhood’s political wing and President Mohamed Morsi’s party, has denied it sent the president a memo with recommendations regarding his next cabinet. Independent daily Al-Shorouk reported the FJP memo recommended that caretaker Prime Minister Kamal Al-Ganzouri and Planning and International Cooperation Minister Faiza Aboul Naga not be reinstated, whereas Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim should keep his post. The National Front to Continue the Revolution recommended that Morsi appoint Abdel Moniem Aboul Fotouh for vice president and Mohamed ElBaradei for prime minister but denied having a list of names for cabinet positions.
[Egypt Independent, 7/2/2012] The Constituent Assembly committees chose rapporteurs and deputy rapporteurs on Monday. Muslim Brotherhood leader Sobhi Saleh, a member of the System of Government Committee, said the committee split into five subcommittees including the executive authority, judicial, local administration, defense and national security and legislative, which he presides over. “The Constituent Assembly will focus on the 1971 Constitution because it outlines governmental authorities and responsibilities, but will not include the negative points,” Saleh said. “We will attempt to give Parliament the right to hold a no-confidence vote against the government without the president’s agreement,” he added.
[Egypt Independent, 7/2/2012] The political landscape over the past few weeks has largely been described as divided among an Islamist bloc, a military bloc and a third one that remains rather undefined. Since Morsy’s victory and inauguration, liberal forces are reassessing their position in the new order and deciding how they will proceed under a Muslim Brotherhood presidency. The Free Egyptians Party, one of the largest liberal groups, plans to hold a series of “national reconciliation” discussions with political, cultural and economic figures in order to overcome the rivalries hatched during the election season. Morsy is expected to nominate at least some liberal figures to his cabinet. Many liberals nonetheless fear the Brotherhood represents a threat to civil liberties, could drag the country into a religious war, and poses a risk to economic and civil rights. Former MP Amr Hamzawy called on liberal and secular parties on Monday not to join the formation of the new government, or the presidential staff.
[Ahram Online, 7/2/2012] Former presidential candidate Abdel-Moneim Abul-Fotouh plans to launch a new political party called the 'Strong Egypt Party,' to be announced in the next few days, Abul-Fotouh campaign spokeswoman Doaa Fattouh told Ahram Online. The new party is expected to offer the same political programme as Abul-Fotouh's recent presidential campaign. 'A strong Egypt' was Abul-Fotouh's presidential campaign slogan. The moderate-Islamist candidate came in fourth place in the first round of polling, garnering 18 per cent of the vote.
[Ahram Online, 7/2/2012] Egypt's new state budget may give President Mohamed Morsi little scope for accomplishing the expansive social and fiscal reforms he promised during his election campaign, local economists say. The country's 2012/13 budget, which took effect on 1 July, sees state spending rise to LE533.7 billion ($88.3bn), with the bulk of the sum already earmarked for specific functions. Egypt's Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) approved the document on Sunday night, following the council's assumption of certain legislative powers after the mid-June dissolution of parliament. Around 80 per cent of spending is already set aside for public worker salaries, paying off Egypt's abundant debts and subsidies for food and energy.
[Al Watan (Arabic), Egypt Independent, 7/2/2012] Lawyer Mohamed Abdel Al filed a lawsuit on Monday at the State Council’s Administrative Court requesting that the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces hand over full power to President Mohamed Morsy. He said that the supplement to the Constitutional Declaration robbed the powers of the elected institutions, and that the March 2011 declaration had stated that the transitional period would end in six months, but it was unlawfully extended until the end of June 2012. The lawsuit requested the immediate handing over of power to the elected civilian legislative and executive authorities. In a related story, Mohamed al-Omda, Deputy of the Legislative Committee in the defunct Parliament, submitted a complaint to the Attorney General against Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi and members of the military council for their violation of scope of executive power (article 138, military law 25/1966), threatening the unity of Egypt (article 77, penal code), and illegally altering basic constitutional and social institutions (article 174, penal code).
[Al Masry Al Youm (Arabic), Egypt Independent, 7/2/2012] Protesters continued to flock to the Presidential Palace in Heliopolis on Monday to voice their demands to President Mohamed Morsy. All palace gates aside from the main gate have been blocked off as a result of the protests. Security personnel allowed a number of citizens inside the palace. Sources told Al-Masry Al-Youm that a delegation of Ceramica Cleopatra workers entered the palace and presented their demands to the president’s administrative staff.
[Daily News Egypt, 7/3/2012] The European Union warned the Egyptian government over the continuation of banning cotton imports. In a statement to the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture, the EU said that the decision to ban cotton imports is a violation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), and must be reconsidered. It is expected that the Ministers of Agriculture and Trade will hold an emergency meeting to discuss the position of the domestic cotton trade and necessity of the cotton import ban. The joint decision of the Ministries of Agriculture and Trade stipulated that cotton imports would cease until all domestically produced cotton is sold.
[Egypt Independent, 7/2/2012] US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton plans to visit Cairo on 14 July, said acting Egyptian presidential spokesperson Yasser Ali on Monday. President Mohamed Morsy is scheduled to receive Clinton on her first visit to Egypt since the start of his presidency. Clinton aims to discuss the relations between the two countries as well as broader developments in the region. On a related note, US Senator John McCain plans to visit Egypt on Wednesday, state-run news source MENA reported today. McCain is expected to hold talks with several senior officials and political figures to discuss recent developments in Egypt following the election of President Mohamed Morsy.
Photo Credit: AP
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Faces of Egypt
Journalist and videographer Abanoub Emad explains the drive behind his work: “I want to cover the truth..If it was just a job for me I wouldn't risk my life, but this is what I want to do…and this is what differentiates the quality of work. You can tell who's doing it for the sake of doing it, and who's doing it because it's what they love to do”
At twenty-two, Amr El Salanekly has won the 2012 Clinton Global Initiative fellowship, co-founded a social incubator and an educational platform for underprivileged kids, turned down a job with Bangladeshi Nobel Laureate Mohammad Yunus’ Grameen Bank, and raised hundreds of thousands of Egyptian pounds for community projects in Egypt.
Check out the rest of the Faces of the New Egypt series here.
About the Contributors
Alaa Al Aswany, the Arab world's bestselling novelist, is the author of The Yacoubian Building, Chicago, and Friendly Fire. His work is published in thirty-one languages worldwide. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Yussef Auf is an Egyptian judge and 2012 Humphrey Fellow at American University’s Washington College of Law. He is currently pursuing a PhD in Constitutional Law and Political Systems at Cairo University. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Amr Hamzawy joined the Department of Public Policy and Administration at the American University in Cairo in 2011, where he continues to serve today. He is a former member of parliament and a member of the National Salvation Front. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Haitham Tabei is a special correspondent for the Washington Post and Asharq Saudi newspaper in Cairo.
Read his EgyptSource posts here.
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