- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - December 9, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Final Draft of Constitution, published November 29, 2012 (Arabic) (English) (Audio)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - November 22, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 24, 2012) (Arabic)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 16, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Decree Pardoning January 25 Prisoners - October 8 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Declaration - August 12 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi’s Decree reinstating the dissolved parliament – July 8 (English) (Arabic)
- Renaissance (Nahda) Project (English)
- Morsi Meter (English) (Arabic)
- SCAF Amendments to Interim Constitution - June 17, 2012 (English) (Arabic)
- Interim Constitution (full text, English and Arabic), ratified by popular referendum on March 23, 2011)
- Law on the Presidential Election, No. 174, 2005 (Arabic)
- Electoral laws for the People’s Assembly and Shura Council (full text, Arabic, amended July 19, 2011)
- Law on Non-Governmental Organizations, No. 84/2002 (English)
- Law on the People’s Assembly, amended October 2011 (PDF, Arabic)
- Supra-Constitutional Principles (English) (Arabic)
- The Final Draft Wording of the Articles on Defense and National Security in the New Constitution (English) (Arabic)
- Leaked Articles of the Draft Constitution (English)
Egyptian Government Resources
- Official Facebook page of President Mohamed Morsi (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Prime Minister Hesham Qandil (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Presidential Spokesman Yasser Ali (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of the Supreme Council of the Armed forces (Arabic)
- Official website of the Cabinet (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Interior (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Finance (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of International Cooperation (Arabic)
- Ministry of Social Solidarity (Arabic)
- Ministry of Information (Arabic)
- Ministry of Industry & Foreign Trade (English) (Arabic)
- Ahram Weekly (English)
- Egypt Independent (English)
- Daily News Egypt (English)
- Ahram Online (English)
- Akhbar al-Youm (Arabic)
- Ahram (Arabic)
- Ahram Gateway (Arabic)
- al-Masry al-Youm (Arabic)
- al-Shorouk (Arabic)
- al-Wafd (Arabic)
- Masrawy (Arabic)
- EGYNews (Arabic)
Think Tanks and NGOs:
- al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (English)
- Arab Forum for Alternatives (English) (Arabic)
- Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (English) (Arabic)
- Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (English) (Arabic)
- Adl (Justice)
- al-Asala (Authenticity)
- Building and Development
- Democratic Front
- al-Dostour (Constitution)
- Freedom and Justice
- Ghad (Tomorrow)
- Ittihad (Union)
- Karama (Dignity)
- al-Masriyin al-Ahrar (Free Egyptians)
- Masr al-Hurriya (Egypt Freedom)
- Nour (Light)
- Popular Alliance
- Reform and Development
- Social Democratic
- Sufi Liberation
- al-Tayar al-Masry (Egyptian Current)
A coalition of independent judges in Egypt said on Wednesday that the Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate Mohammed Mursi has won the presidential election, beating former prime minister Ahmed Shafiq, according to their tally.
[Ahram Online, Al Ahram (Arabic), 6/20/2012] SPEC head Farouq Sultan announced on Tuesday that the commission had received almost 400 appeals to the preliminary runoff results. Sultan added that the SPEC could not announce final results until it had finished reviewing all the appeals. On the same day, the Shafiq campaign announced that it had presented 147 appeals to the SPEC, claiming that, were the appeals accepted, their candidate would win the presidential contest. The Mursi campaign, meanwhile, announced on Tuesday that it, too, had presented more than 140 appeals to the SPEC, 100 of which the commission had already accepted.
[Al Arabiya, 6/20/2012] A coalition of independent judges in Egypt said on Wednesday that the Muslim Brotherhood’s candidate Mohammed Mursi has won the presidential election, beating former prime minister Ahmed Shafiq, according to their tally. The group, named “Judges for Egypt,” said Mursi had won with 13.2 million votes while Shafiq had amassed 12. 3 million. The union of reformist judges chose to independently monitor the elections process in Egypt. The numbers were similar to the results announced by Mursi’s campaign on Wednesday. Head of the group and former head of the judges’ union, Zakaria Abdel-Aziz, said that the difference in results is too big for any submitted appeals to affect the final outcome which is in favor of Mursi.
[Egypt Independent, 6/20/2012] International and local elections observers have condemned the political and legal context of the second round of Egypt’s presidential election while raising minor concerns about fraud and irregularities. The monitors also complained that the Presidential Elections Commission’s opacity violated the monitoring mandate. Some decisions made by the ruling military junta, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces, ahead of and during the elections raised serious concerns about whether it would hand over power to an elected civilian government, as promised, by the end of June, observers said. The Carter Center was one of three main international elections monitors accredited to oversee the process, in addition to the Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa and the Elections Network in the Arab World. The Carter Center has said it will not participate in future elections monitoring under these circumstances.
[Egypt Independent, 6/20/2012] Official sources with the Muslim Brotherhood and the Freedom and Justice Party said Tuesday that the leaders of the party and the group are preparing a list of figures outside the Brotherhood to include in the new government. According to the sources, prominent figures being considered are: Ahmed Maher from the April 6 Youth Movement, activist Wael Ghonim, Salafi Nour Party spokesperson Nader Bakkar, certain members of the Hamdeen Sabbahi presidential campaign, former Independent MP Amr Hamzawy, Cairo University Professor Moataz Abdel Fattah and attorney Noha al-Zeiny.
[Egypt Independent, 6/20/2012] Islamist parties have decided to file a case against the ruling military council and the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court following its decision to dissolve Parliament. The parties argue that the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces and the court do not have the authority to dissolve Parliament. The State Council would hear the case. The Freedom and Justice Party’s parliamentary bloc threatened to make the case international. The FJP executive bureau met two days ago to discuss ways to solve the problem, and met with members of other parties in Parliament to express a unified stance toward the issue.
[Egypt Independent, 6/20/2012] A court postponed Tuesday its consideration of five cases filed against the justice minister that demand he cancel a decree granting the military broad authority to arrest civilians without permission from judicial authorities. The State Council Administrative Court decided to postpone hearing the cases to 26 June, the state TV website said. The cases, filed by activists, rely on the fact that the justice minister issued the decree as an administrative authority, not a judicial or legislative body, which they believe entitles them to challenge the order. The activists say it violates freedoms protected in the Constitutional Declaration, as well as the separate roles of the military judiciary and civil police forces.
[Ahram Online, 6/20/2012] There has been a noticeable build up of military vehicles near Cairo for the first time since the 18-day uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak, according to eyewitnesses. Military vehicles have been noticed on the Cairo-Alexandria Agricultural Road near where the Circular Road enters the capital. Tanks and armored vehicles were spotted on the highway around 5km from Qaliub moving towards Cairo. Soldiers refused to tell onlookers what was happening and told them not to get too close to the vehicles. The military is congregating at the location where it was used to prevent cars entering the capital during the early days of the 2011 uprising.
[Al Arabiya, 6/20/2012] The Egyptian authorities have seized 101 surface-to-surface missiles in the Beheira governorate, the state TV reported on Tuesday, amid fears of a political deadlock that could trigger an armed confrontation between Islamist groups and a military establishment reluctant to relinquish power. The state television said Egypt’s Anti-Drug General Administration discovered the missiles, a launching pad, and dozens of hand guns loaded in two cars. The suspects were detained and an investigation has been launched, the television added. Sameh Rashed, political analyst of Al-Ahram Institute, told Al Arabiya that security forces occasionally seize arms shipments smuggled from Libya or other countries and destined to the Gaza Strip or Sinai.
[Ahram Online, 6/20/2012] Cheers erupted and fireworks were let off as reports that toppled president Hosni Mubarak was pronounced "clinically dead" trickled into Tahrir Square. The celebrations quickly fizzled out when banned presidential contender Hazem Abu-Ismail took to the stage to tell people to quiet down as it's a lie. "The military just wanted to make big news that would eclipse the Tahrir protests about the ruling military council, the elections and the amended constitution," Mohammed Tarek, 27, an interior designer said, "It worked; the media suddenly started talking about Mubarak, and people started to leave the square." Mursi-supporter Samir Amin Ibrahim, 30, said the news of Mubarak's "death" worried him as he felt it was part of a military-organised plan.
[Egypt Independent, Al Ahram (Arabic), 6/20/2012] Egypt’s ambassador to the West Bank said Wednesday his country is making strenuous efforts to restore calm to the Gaza Strip, seeking to end Israeli assaults on the Palestinian enclave and to stop Palestinian responses to the attacks. Egypt’s main aim is to ensure Palestinians’ safety and prevent the situation from deteriorating further, Yasser Othman told state-run news agency MENA. The Israeli army said Wednesday its aircrafts had carried out seven air raids on the strip late Tuesday in response to 50 rockets fired on Israel from southern Gaza.
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Faces of Egypt
Journalist and videographer Abanoub Emad explains the drive behind his work: “I want to cover the truth..If it was just a job for me I wouldn't risk my life, but this is what I want to do…and this is what differentiates the quality of work. You can tell who's doing it for the sake of doing it, and who's doing it because it's what they love to do”
At twenty-two, Amr El Salanekly has won the 2012 Clinton Global Initiative fellowship, co-founded a social incubator and an educational platform for underprivileged kids, turned down a job with Bangladeshi Nobel Laureate Mohammad Yunus’ Grameen Bank, and raised hundreds of thousands of Egyptian pounds for community projects in Egypt.
Check out the rest of the Faces of the New Egypt series here.
About the Contributors
Alaa Al Aswany, the Arab world's bestselling novelist, is the author of The Yacoubian Building, Chicago, and Friendly Fire. His work is published in thirty-one languages worldwide. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Yussef Auf is an Egyptian judge and 2012 Humphrey Fellow at American University’s Washington College of Law. He is currently pursuing a PhD in Constitutional Law and Political Systems at Cairo University. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Amr Hamzawy joined the Department of Public Policy and Administration at the American University in Cairo in 2011, where he continues to serve today. He is a former member of parliament and a member of the National Salvation Front. Read his EgyptSource posts here.
Haitham Tabei is a special correspondent for the Washington Post and Asharq Saudi newspaper in Cairo.
Read his EgyptSource posts here.
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