- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - December 9, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Final Draft of Constitution, published November 29, 2012 (Arabic) (English) (Audio)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Decree - November 22, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 24, 2012) (Arabic)
- Draft of the Constitution, published October 16, 2012 (Arabic) (English)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Decree Pardoning January 25 Prisoners - October 8 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi's Constitutional Declaration - August 12 (English) (Arabic)
- President Mohamed Morsi’s Decree reinstating the dissolved parliament – July 8 (English) (Arabic)
- Renaissance (Nahda) Project (English)
- Morsi Meter (English) (Arabic)
- SCAF Amendments to Interim Constitution - June 17, 2012 (English) (Arabic)
- Interim Constitution (full text, English and Arabic), ratified by popular referendum on March 23, 2011)
- Law on the Presidential Election, No. 174, 2005 (Arabic)
- Electoral laws for the People’s Assembly and Shura Council (full text, Arabic, amended July 19, 2011)
- Law on Non-Governmental Organizations, No. 84/2002 (English)
- Law on the People’s Assembly, amended October 2011 (PDF, Arabic)
- Supra-Constitutional Principles (English) (Arabic)
- The Final Draft Wording of the Articles on Defense and National Security in the New Constitution (English) (Arabic)
- Leaked Articles of the Draft Constitution (English)
Egyptian Government Resources
- Official Facebook page of President Mohamed Morsi (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Prime Minister Hesham Qandil (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of Presidential Spokesman Yasser Ali (Arabic)
- Official Facebook page of the Supreme Council of the Armed forces (Arabic)
- Official website of the Cabinet (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Interior (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of Finance (English) (Arabic)
- Ministry of International Cooperation (Arabic)
- Ministry of Social Solidarity (Arabic)
- Ministry of Information (Arabic)
- Ministry of Industry & Foreign Trade (English) (Arabic)
- Ahram Weekly (English)
- Egypt Independent (English)
- Daily News Egypt (English)
- Ahram Online (English)
- Akhbar al-Youm (Arabic)
- Ahram (Arabic)
- Ahram Gateway (Arabic)
- al-Masry al-Youm (Arabic)
- al-Shorouk (Arabic)
- al-Wafd (Arabic)
- Masrawy (Arabic)
- EGYNews (Arabic)
Think Tanks and NGOs:
- al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies (English)
- Arab Forum for Alternatives (English) (Arabic)
- Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (English) (Arabic)
- Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights (English) (Arabic)
- Adl (Justice)
- al-Asala (Authenticity)
- Building and Development
- Democratic Front
- al-Dostour (Constitution)
- Freedom and Justice
- Ghad (Tomorrow)
- Ittihad (Union)
- Karama (Dignity)
- al-Masriyin al-Ahrar (Free Egyptians)
- Masr al-Hurriya (Egypt Freedom)
- Nour (Light)
- Popular Alliance
- Reform and Development
- Social Democratic
- Sufi Liberation
- al-Tayar al-Masry (Egyptian Current)
Tantawi and Anan's Appearance at the Presidential Palace Signals their Acceptance of a Forced RetirementNancy Messieh | August 14, 2012
Most signs pointed towards former Defense Minister Hussein Tantawi and former Chief of Staff Sami Anan quietly accepting their dismissal at the hands of President Mohamed Morsi on Monday. Their acquiescence is now confirmed after appearing at the presidential palace to receive medals of honor, presented to them by Morsi himself.
Morsi ordered their retirement, softening the blow with the Nile Medal, the highest state honor presented to Tantawi and the State Medal, presented to Anan. More importantly, Morsi appointed them as presidential advisers.
Tantawi and Anan’s appearance in public puts to rest any rumors about the pair currently being under house arrest, as well as reinforcing the theory put forward by many of Egypt’s political thinkers: Tantawi and Anan will not be prosecuted as a result of Morsi’s power grab. Whether or not Tantawi and Anan were aware of the decision prior to its announcement remains unclear, but their appearance at the palace is a clear sign of acceptance.
The Supreme Council of the Armed Forces’(SCAF) preferred method of communicating with the people, its Facebook page, was updated on Monday, featuring one post detailing new Minister of Defense Abdel Fattah Al Sisi’s military career. The post appeared to be SCAF’s subtle way of conveying their acceptance of the new order of things, rather than publishing a detailed communiqué as has been their habit since February of last year.
In addition to Tantawi and Anan’s new positions, all army leaders swept up in the reshuffle have been awarded influential posts, the most significant of them going to former navy commander, Mohab Mamish, who is now Chairman of the Suez Canal Authority. Former Air Defense Commander Abdel Aziz Seif Eldin is now the chairman of the Arab Organization for Industrialization, and former Air Force Commander, Mahmoud Hafez is the new Minister of State for Military Production.
For Tantawi in particular, the new post is a clear sign of a safe exit for the formerly ruling military general. There have long been calls for Tantawi’s prosecution, alongside former president Hosni Mubarak, who is serving a life sentence in a Cairo prison, accused of failing to prevent the killing of protesters during the January 2011 uprising.
While protests, and protester deaths, continued long after Mubarak stepped down, Morsi’s ouster of Tantawi, which went off rather smoothly, appears to have been made in exchange for the latter avoiding the very same fate as Mubarak.
Photo Credit: Al Shorouk
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